The Missouri Department of Conservation reports presence of the emerald ash borer in 89 Missouri counties.

The EAB is a small, metallic green-colored beetle native to Asia that attacks all species of ash trees, killing more than 99% of the trees it attacks. Ash trees typically show a pattern of declining health for 2 to 4 years before being killed by EAB, states a release.

Woodpecker damage, sprouts growing from the main trunk and major branch loss can all indicate the presence of EAB in ash trees.

“Landowners often notice woodpecker damage on their ash during the winter months — typically the first sign of EAB in an area,” said MDC Forest Entomologist Robbie Doerhoff. “By the time you notice this type of damage, it is generally too late to save your tree with insecticides.”

Protecting ash trees on your property with insecticides prior to attack by EAB is the best way to keep the trees alive, states the release.

“If you have a live ash tree in your yard and you’d like to see it stay that way, now is the time to treat it with an insecticide,” said Doerhoff. “Not all products will protect your tree from EAB, so it’s important to understand your options when it comes to this pest.”

Learn to identify ash trees by watching a MDC video at youtube.com/watch?v=D_ZnTisLnwE.

Check the health of your tree. Look for dead branches, sprouts growing from the trunk, and woodpecker damage. If more than 50% of the tree’s canopy is dead, it likely can’t be saved.

Measure your tree at chest height. If the diameter is 20 inches or less, you can treat the tree yourself using a soil drench insecticide purchased online or at your local garden center. If the tree is larger than 20 inches in diameter (63 inches in circumference), it needs to be treated by a professional arborist. Visit treesaregood.org for a list of certified arborists in your area.

Doerhoff said that once EAB becomes established in a new area and wintertime woodpecker damage becomes evident, most local ash trees will be dead within a few short years.

“Dying or dead ash become very brittle and should be removed promptly if they pose a threat to people or property,” said Doerhoff.

MDC encourages Missourians to consider replacing EAB-affected ash trees with other Missouri-native tree species. For information about suitable replacement tree species and to place seasonal orders with MDC’s State Forest Nursery, visit mdc.mo.gov/trees-plants/tree-seedlings/about-missouris-state-forest-nursery.

Don’t move firewood

Felled ash trees should be disposed of locally to prevent the accidental spread of EAB to new locations. EAB can emerge from ash firewood and logs for up to two years after harvest, “so don’t give EAB a free ride to your favorite camping locations,” states the release. “Buy firewood near where you plan to burn it.”

Reports of EAB infestations can be made by emailing Forest.Health@mdc.mo.gov.

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